AP & Pre-AP English

Teacher: Mrs. C. Bruyere

Meeting Times: Tuesdays after school from 3:15-4:15 from September-May

Pre A.P. and A. P. English

Enlightening and challenging advanced placement English that takes the place of grade 11 and 12 ENG courses.


The ENG3UP course is designed to best prepare students who wish to take the ENG4UP, English Literature and Composition, course in the following semester. Students who have not taken the pre-AP course may still take ENG4UP; however, their independent
study and reading over the summer will be more comprehensive than that assigned to the students who completed ENG3UP.


Advanced Placement: English Literature and Composition


“To provide opportunity”

The ENG4UP course is designed to meet the curriculum objectives designated by Ontario’s Ministry of Education as well as prepare students to write the College Board’s AP examination in the spring. Writing this standardized test offers students the opportunity to achieve advanced standing and/or a credit in many universities and colleges throughout Canada and the United States.


“To experience, interpret, and evaluate literature”

The Reading

The course includes intensive study of representative works from various genres and periods, concentrating on works of recognized literary merit. Reading in an AP course is both wide and deep. This reading necessarily builds upon the reading done in previous English courses and assigned summer texts. In their AP course, students read works from several genres and periods–from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century. They read deliberately and thoroughly, taking time to understand a work’s complexity, to absorb its richness of meaning, and to analyze how that meaning is embodied in literary form. In addition to considering a work’s literary artistry, students reflect on the social and historical values it reflects and embodies. The cost of course texts is approximately $120-130.00.

The Writing

Writing is an integral part of the AP English Literature and Composition course and exam. Writing assignments focus on the critical analysis of literature and include expository, analytical, and argumentative essays. Although critical analysis makes up the bulk of student writing for the course, writing to understand a literary work may involve writing response and reaction papers, along with annotation, freewriting, and keeping some form of a reading journal. The ultimate goal of writing in this course is to increase students’ ability to explain clearly, cogently, even elegantly, what they understand about literary works and why they interpret them as they do.

To that end, writing instruction includes attention to developing and organizing ideas in clear, coherent, and persuasive language. It includes study of the elements of style. And it attends to matters of precision and correctness as necessary. Throughout the course, emphasis is placed on helping students develop stylistic maturity, which, for AP English, is characterized by the following:

  • a wide-ranging vocabulary used with denotative accuracy and connotative resourcefulness;

  • a variety of sentence structures, including appropriate use of subordinate and coordinate constructions;

  • a logical organization, enhanced by specific techniques of coherence such as repetition, transitions, and emphasis;

  • a balance of generalization with specific illustrative detail; and

  • an effective use of rhetoric, including controlling tone, maintaining a consistent voice, and achieving emphasis through parallelism and antithesis.

The Exam

Yearly, the AP English Literature Development Committee prepares a three-hour exam that gives students the opportunity to demonstrate their mastery of their reading and writing skills. The AP English Literature and Composition Exam employs multiple-choice questions that test the student’s critical reading of selected passages. But the exam also requires writing as a direct measure of the student’s ability to read and interpret literature and to use other forms of discourse effectively. Although the skills tested in the exam remain essentially the same from year to year, each year’s exam is composed of new questions. The essay is scored by college and AP English teachers using standardized procedures.

Ordinarily, the exam consists of 60 minutes for multiple-choice questions followed by 120 minutes for essay questions. Performance on the essay section of the exam counts for 55 percent of the total grade; performance on the multiple-choice section, 45 percent. The cost of the exam is $87.00.

“Perhaps the best standard predictor of academic success at Harvard is performance on the Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate examinations.”

~William R. Fitzsimmons: Dean of Admissions, Harvard University

For more information: www.collegeboard.com or cbruyere@mail.rrdsb.com

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